Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Prevention 2018
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is too high carbohydrates are substances your body uses to make energy after you eat food .that contains carbohydrates it eventually goes to your small intestine in your small intestine. the food is broken down into single sugar molecules
The cells in your small intestine soak up the sugars. which pass into your bloodstream. when the blood reaches your pancreas it detects the high amount of sugar in your blood normally. this causes your pancreas to put a chemical called insulin into your bloodstream. the insulin reduces the amount of sugar in your blood to a healthy level. how does insulin do this as the blood moves through your body? the insulin and sugar exit the bloodstream into your tissues to reach your cells. most cells have structures on their surfaces called insulin receptor.s when insulin flows by it attaches to the receptors the insulin acts as a key in a lock to open up the cell.
so the sugar can get inside now your cell can use the sugar to make the energy. it needs to work properly and your blood sugar level drops back to its normal range if you have type-2 diabetes your cells don’t respond to insulin as they should this is called insulin. resistance
when sugar can’t get into your cells it builds up in your bloodstream. this is a condition called hyperglycemia in response to the high blood sugar levels in your pancreas. makes more and more insulin the overworked cells in your pancreas. try to keep up but they slowly lose their ability to make enough insulin. these problems may lead to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. if you have questions about type 2 diabetes or any medications you have been prescribed to speak with your doctor. it is important to take your medications as directed by your doctor